Finance Minister Dr Prakash Sharan Mahat has claimed that the budget for the upcoming fiscal year 2023-24 has presented a minute and objective analysis of existing challenges for the economy.
Furnishing his replies in a meeting of the House of Representatives Monday over questions raised during the deliberations on the budget that the government presented on May 29, FM Mahat said the budget was centred on accelerating economic activities and thus addressing the existing economic issues and challenges gradually.
As he claimed, factors discouraging capital expenditures have been identified and an emphasis has been placed on downsizing public expenditures in the budget. “Announcement for economic reforms, policy improvements to promote private investment and priorities to a digital and green economy are some of the key points of the budget.” hrough the budget, the government laid an emphasis on innovation, production and employment creation, Dr. Mahaat said. Big infrastructure projects are given continuity, the criteria of revenue collection have been extended and tax rates have een revised, prioritising system reforms in tax administration. On the occasion, the Minister was of
the view of conducting an environmental impact assessment first before operating river-based queries and importing river-based products.
He also said the government made its attempt to make customs duty on electric vehicles practical. Electric vehicles have been classified into five groups and revised tax rates have been imposed accordingly.
As per the revised tax system, a 10 per cent customs duty shall be charged on e-vehicle up to the capacity of 50 kilowatts, 15 per cent customs duty and 10 per cent excise duty on vehicles from 50 to 100 kilowatts, 20 per cent customs duty and 20 per cent excise duty for vehicles from 100 to 200 kilowatts. Likewise, 40 per cent customs duty and 45 per cent excise duty shall be charged in the import of vehicles from 200 to 300 kilowatts. The customs duty for vehicles above this capacity remains unchanged. The Minister said tax rates for petroleum vehicles of all capacities are the same and only slight changes have been made in the rates of excise duty. During the replies, he said the accusation on the government that it leaked information about revises in tax rates in the budget, leading to imports of vehicles on a large scale on the eve of the budget speech kept no meaning.
The trend shows that large imports take place before the budget speech each year. A letter of credit for 90 per cent of recently imported 1,300 vehicles was proceeded in March-April, according to him.
He claimed that the tax on electric vehicles in Nepal is the least in the entire SAARC, suggesting the government’s priority to promote electric vehicles. As he mentioned, it is from 35 per cent to 100 per cent in India, 50 per cent in Pakistan and around 90 per cent including all taxes in Bangladesh.