(By TNW correspondent)
Nepal, one of 13-tiger-bearing-countries in the world, has made impressive progress in preserving tiger. With the wild cat population standing at 235 in 2018 as against 121 in 2009, the country is confident in achieving the goal of doubling tiger population in 2022.
One of many factors contributing to the preservation of tiger is: securing and extending the habitat of the animal through appropriate forest conservation. Improved habitat management is another area through which the wild animal has got appropriate protection. The government policy of preserving and improving grassland and wetland also contributed to the ecology essential for growth of tiger population.
Although the country has scored well in tiger preservation, the challenges it faces from poachers and illegal trade of tiger-body parts are very serious. The government policy makers and implementers should be very careful in avoiding the two risks.
Discouraging builders to undertake infrastructure-works such as irrigation-canals, highways, railways and transmission lines through the tiger habitat is another challenge the conservationists have to face seriously in days to come. The government should work out a tiger-friendly policy for this.
Allowing the wildlife a comfortable habitat with space to move, play and search for food with no trouble should be the guiding principle of wild life policy. Appropriate overpasses and underpasses in forest areas should also be guaranteed for the wild life.
Human-tiger conflict is another problem facing preservation of tiger. Communities should be engaged in preservation of tiger through appropriate scheme of education about wild life preservation.
As Nepal celebrated the 11th Global Tiger Day on July 29, 2021, experts and commoners shed light on the importance of saving tiger for humanity. They stressed the need to protect forest ecology for the tiger and for the whole mankind. The success achieved in tiger preservation should encourage all conservationists and policy makers to adopt appropriate practices in all fronts of preservation of nature and wild life.