Man must learn to live in harmony with nature, if he is to save this mother earth. Man should love other creatures on this earth if an ecological balance is to be maintained. We have left the forest thousands of years ago and led a civilized life but if we cannot protect the wild we will no longer be called civilized. Man is the most intelligent and sensitive creature on the earth. Therefore, the responsibility of maintaining ecological balance and protecting biodiversity rests on us.
Most of the religions of the world teach us to live in harmony with other creatures and the mother nature. The Rig Veda, which dates back more than 4000 years goes on saying “The sun, the sky, the moon, the stars move in celestial harmony, never violating the canons of the Divine Powers. Let man learn his lesson from nature ‘ theme, live in peace and harmony, no matter how strong or how wise. (Rig. 10.33.9).
Conservation is not an invention of the modern world. Our ancestors were dedicated to the theme of conservation none the less than the modern conservationists. We might have heard the real life story of Siddharth Gautam, who saved the life of a swan hit by the arrow of his cousin brother Devdutta. The King of Kapilavastu Suddhodhan gave the judgment when the two young boys fought over the ownership of the swan hit by the arrow saying that the bird belonged to one who saved its life, not to those who made attempt on its life.
Tigers known as the King of jungle, have become the guardian of the forest, after human beings left the forest life and led a civilized one. Therefore, the champion of the jungle world must be protected in order to maintain ecological balance. We need to care them as they are strong as well as fragile. They are being extinct at a faster rate than any other animal. Tigers are, in fact, the wealth of Asia, as they are found no where on earth except in a few tiger reserves of the continent.
Conservation is nothing but a way of life. We must not cause trouble to the animal and interfere in the mechanism of forest unnecessarily. We must not cause fall of even a leaf and kill even an ant without any reason. Because as a supreme creature we must be sensitive towards the life and environment surrounding us. By preserving the forest we are preserving our own future. Our ancestors have handed over this beautiful earth to us without damaging it and it is our responsibility to hand over the same earth to our grand children without distorting its originality and beauty.
Man used to hunt animals during the jungle age with their bows and arrows. But that did little harm to the environment and the wild life. When man became civilized and used modern technology to hunt the wildlife. When man became civilized and used modern technology to hunt the animals they stated damaging the forest and the wildlife. The Maharajas in the past used to visit jungle for Shikar as a favourite game. They used to hunt tiger for trophy as hunting the jungle king was considered a prestigious job. But they did little harm to the wild life while hunting. Now the concept has entirely changed. Today the hunters are no more considered brave. Instead we award the trophy of prestige to those who save the wild animal.
While walking through the forest, we should not damage any plant and cause trouble to the animal in any way. Even the click of the camera might disturb them. Don’t talk loudly or gaze the animal as it might frighten them, said a wildlife specialist, while this scribe was walking through the famous tiger reserve of Bardia in search of wild animals. You most show utmost sensitivity towards the wild life.
In fact, protection of wild animals is part of our cultural and religious life. We worship snake during Nag Puja, feed cow, dog and crow during Tihar and worship elephant as the form of elephant god Ganesh. We consider tiger as the vehicle of goddess Bhagwati and Bull as the vehicle of or Shiva. Our religion teaches us to respect and protect the wild animals. What we need to do is to preserve our culture and tradition and link it with the present conservation movement. If we don’t want wild animal enter our house and cause us trouble then why should we interfere with their habitat by encroaching the forest? Therefore, we must learn to respect the wild life and their habitat. Tigers have to protect them and their habitat. Tigers evolved in the earth even before the human beings were evolved. So we have to protect them their habitat.
It is a sad thing to notice that we have lost 11 tiger during the year for the tiger 1998 whatever the reasons might be. This indicates that there is serious drawback in our wildlife management. Our conservationists need to a lot of things to protect our valuable wildfire. Does this teach us a lesson so that we should not repeat the same mistake in the future?– Shirish B. Pradhan (Nepal Tiger, 1998)