The Supreme Court on Monday reversed the decision of President Bidya Devi Bhandari to dissolve Parliament at the recommendation of Prime Minister K P Oli.
Issuing its historic verdict on the writ petitions filed against the dissolution of Lower House of Parliament, the apex court also passed a mandamus order in the name of the Office of President to appoint Sher Bahadur Deuba as new prime minister of the country by Tuesday. However, Deuba must win the vote of confidence as per Article 76 (4) of the constitution within 30 days of his appointment.
Separately, the court also ordered summoning new session of House of Representatives at 5 PM on July 18. Chief Justice Cholendra Rana also informed that the five member Constitutional Bench has concluded that party whip does not apply when lawmakers take part in the voting to elect new Prime Minister as per Article 76(5) of the constitution.
With this, the second attempt of Prime Minister Oli to dissolve the parliament after facing internal crisis in the ruling party failed.
As many as 30 petitions, including one by the opposition alliance led by the Nepali Congress, were filed against the dissolution of the Lower House of Parliament by the President.
The country plunged into a political crisis on December 20 last year after President Bhandari for the first time dissolved the House and announced polls on April 30 and May 10 at the recommendation of PM Oli, amidst a tussle for power within the ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP).
On February 23, the apex court reinstated the dissolved House of Representatives, in a setback to embattled Prime Minister Oli who was preparing for snap polls.